Buildings may include multiple fires fighting systems to prevent the spread of fires that can cause property destruction and loss of life. Most corporate offices, shopping malls, movie theaters, and even homes are equipped with the necessary equipment to put out fires.
There are different types of equipment such as sprinklers, alarms, communication devices, monitors, smoke diverters, and indicators. There are generally two types of systems to prevent fire accidents, mainly fire suppression system and fire protection systems.
Learn more about these systems
Various methods and equipment are used to fight and extinguish fires. Equipment varies according to the type and the factors causing it. Some of the equipment used includes hose reel systems, sprinkler systems, automatic CO2 systems, fire intercom systems, flow-switches, etc. Fire extinguishers have also been installed in the buildings to control the massive fire.
Different types of sprinklers
There are different types of fire extinguishers and should be used according to the type of fire. Two common types of extinguishers include CO2 and pressurized dry chemical extinguishers.
Fire extinguishers should be used according to the type of fire that includes Class A, B, C, D, and Class K. Class A fires are caused by the burning of simple materials such as paper, plastic, cardboard. Class B fires are caused by flammable liquids such as kerosene and gasoline. Class C fires include accidents caused by electrical equipment, switches, hot plates, and short circuits.
Class D fires are caused by flammable metals such as potassium and sodium, titanium, magnesium, and many others. It is quite dangerous as it burns at high temperatures. Category K fires are classified as kitchen fires.
Fire suppression systems including fire extinguishers should be used with caution on all of these types of fire. Water extinguishers can be used on fires caused by the burning of paper i.e. Class A type fires. For classes B, C and D, it is best to use dry chemical fire extinguishers. Foam extinguishers can be used for Class A and B types. CO2 sprinklers are suitable for electrical fires. Wet chemical fire extinguishers are suitable for fires in the kitchen. It is very important to know how to use these tools as results can vary according to the type of fire.