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Bunions are an enlargement of the big toe joint of the foot are usually occuring with a deviation in the angle of the great toe or hallux. The only real way to get rid of bunions is with surgery, however there are several non-surgical solutions that might be considered that can lead to some small improvement in the angle of the great toe or hallux and help ease any symptoms that the bunion may have. They are more prevalent in women and more common in people that wear poorly fitting shoes. There is also a inherited component to bunions as well, but that is not well understood.
What can be done in order to avoid surgery? Bunion correctors are splints that will be typically worn at night and are meant to fix the position of the toe. They do generally help at changing the angle of the toe a few degrees following a month or so. These bunion splints also help in keeping the toes flexible and could lessen some of the symptoms that you might get inside the joint. Also, exercises to stretch out and keep the big toe joint flexible is also going to help with the symptoms, but it will possibly not make the enlargement go away nor fix the angle of the great toe or hallux. Often pads are useful to get the stress of the bunion from the footwear. They could be frustrating to use, but are very helpful if the footwear pressures on the bunion is part of the issue. One of the most important thing to do is to get the footwear right. The footwear play a significant part in inducing the bunion and also progressing it more quickly when they do not fit correctly. People that have bunions certainly do need to get out of the type of shoes that may have led to the condition and get wearing footwear that don't put strain on the enlargement.